Vision: A Living Museum

The overall vision of the plan is to conserve the MOS Iron Mine landscape as a living museum to reconnect the past, the present and the future; to serve as a link between the natural and cultural relics and the MOS New Town; and as a point for visitors to learn and reflect on their relationships with the multi-dimensional developments of MOS in space and time.

Point

Analyses of the site’s carrying capacity, potential flow of tourists or visitors are required to conserve and maintain points of interest.

露天採礦場

現況

未予評級

建議

使用擴增實境或網絡資源,令訪客可以觀賞露天採礦場的昔日情景。露天採礦場可以為藝術創作者提供來自大自然的靈感。

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

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海拔110米礦洞外牆及相關構築物

現況

二級歷史建築

建議

加固海拔110米礦洞外牆,如果情況允許的話,將海拔110米礦洞隧道的一部分及其相關結構改造成具有擴增實境和虛擬實境設施的展覽暨體驗空間,讓訪客體驗地下採礦和礦工辛勤工作的情景、理解六十年代和七十年代的採礦技術以及海拔110米礦洞隧道的歷史和活化過程。

修復後的海拔110 米礦洞外牆構想圖 Artist's impression of the revitalised 110ML Entrance
修復後的海拔110 米礦洞外牆構想圖 Artist's impression of the revitalised 110ML Entrance

Yeung, Tsz Chun 2020

修復後的海拔110 米礦洞外牆構想圖 Artist's impression of the revitalised 110ML Entrance
修復後的海拔110 米礦洞外牆構想圖 Artist's impression of the revitalised 110ML Entrance

Yeung, Tsz Chun 2020

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大公洋行分部辦公室、技工宿舍、診所、飯堂及糧倉

現況

三級歷史建築

建議

由於某些構築物似乎已被佔用,因此有必要釐清當前的佔用情況。

改造並再利用將是理想的保育方案,例如用作資訊或展覽中心或供藝術家進駐,以協助重新呈現或詮釋當地地景。

這些設施可以由當地的保育組織負責經營。

指示牌和展覽板應設立在適當的位置,介紹遺址的歷史。

被圍欄圍住的前辦公室 The fenced-off ex-office
被圍欄圍住的前辦公室 The fenced-off ex-office

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

被圍欄圍住的前辦公室 The fenced-off ex-office
被圍欄圍住的前辦公室 The fenced-off ex-office

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

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前民居及士多

現況

未予評級

建議

舊時的礦村居民仍在使用該構築物,應盡可能保持現狀。

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

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信義會恩光堂建築群

現況

三級歷史建築

建議

基督教香港信義會正在當地經營鞍山探索館和礦工Cafe。部分建築群正在修復中。該建築群可作為馬鞍山鐵礦場地景保育的基礎,政府應為信義會發起的計劃提供更多援助。

已修復的恩光堂 The revitalised Yan Kwong Church
已修復的恩光堂 The revitalised Yan Kwong Church

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

修復中的信義小學
修復中的信義小學

來源:古物諮詢委員會 2016 Source: AAB 2016

鞍山探索館 Grace Youth Camp Museum
鞍山探索館 Grace Youth Camp Museum

來源:基督教香港信義會社會服務部2020 Source: ELCHK 2020

已修復的恩光堂 The revitalised Yan Kwong Church
已修復的恩光堂 The revitalised Yan Kwong Church

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

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馬鞍山村老人會

現況

未予評級

建議

應盡可能保持現狀。

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

建築圖則 Architecture drawing
建築圖則 Architecture drawing

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

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海拔240米礦洞外牆

現況

二級歷史建築

建議

使用虛擬實境設施,將海拔240米礦洞隧道的一部分變成展覽和體驗空間。

修復後的海拔240米礦洞外牆構想圖  Artist's impression of the revitalised 240ML Entrance
修復後的海拔240米礦洞外牆構想圖 Artist's impression of the revitalised 240ML Entrance

Yeung, Park Hin 2020

修復後的海拔240米礦洞外牆構想圖  Artist's impression of the revitalised 240ML Entrance
修復後的海拔240米礦洞外牆構想圖 Artist's impression of the revitalised 240ML Entrance

Yeung, Park Hin 2020

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選礦廠

現況

三級歷史建築

建議

在遺址上建立一個具有擴增實境設施的觀景台,讓訪客了解當年碼頭區的地理位置和價值,以及該地點與馬鞍山新市鎮的關係。觀景台可以標示出前選礦廠的位置,其設計希望讓人聯想到選礦廠曾是馬鞍山鐵礦場裡體積最大的地面構築物,現已轉化為保育項目的新地標,從附近的高速公路和馬鞍山新市鎮均可看到。

選礦廠觀景台構想圖 Artist's impression of the viewing platform
選礦廠觀景台構想圖 Artist's impression of the viewing platform

Yeung, Park Hin & Yeung, Tsz Chun 2020

選礦廠觀景台構想圖 Artist's impression of the viewing platform
選礦廠觀景台構想圖 Artist's impression of the viewing platform

Yeung, Park Hin & Yeung, Tsz Chun 2020

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「平安橋」石碑

現況

三級歷史建築

建議

在橋樑附近設置一小塊銘牌記載石碑的歷史。橋樑可能需要不時進行維護工程,以確保其完整性。

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

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聖若瑟小堂建築群

現況

二級歷史建築

建議

聖若瑟小堂建築群值得進行改造並再利用,例如用作退修之地,讓訪客反思自身與馬鞍山鐵礦場及其多維度與多尺度歷史的連繫。

失修的教堂內部  Inner part of the abandoned chapel
失修的教堂內部 Inner part of the abandoned chapel

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

聖若瑟小堂建築群  St Joseph's Chapel compound
聖若瑟小堂建築群 St Joseph's Chapel compound

研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

失修的教堂內部  Inner part of the abandoned chapel
失修的教堂內部 Inner part of the abandoned chapel

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

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信義新村

現況

三級歷史建築

建議

信義新村最初由信義會建造,現時是漁護署認可的註冊合作社,原居民或其繼承者是合作社的合法社員。這個地方讓我們能夠思考政府可如何與非政府組織合作,以改善居民的生活質素。保育計劃可透過與社區合作而得到完善。

屋舍 House
屋舍 House

來源:古物諮詢委員會 2016 Source: AAB 2016

屋舍 House
屋舍 House

來源:古物諮詢委員會 2016 Source: AAB 2016

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Open-pit mining area

Status

Suggestion

Not graded

Use AR or web resources to allow visitors appreciate the operation of open-pit mining at MOS in the past. It can also be a place for nature-inspired art work.

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

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Exterior walls of 110 ML and associated structures

Status

Suggestion

Grade 2 historic buildings

Strengthening the exterior walls of the 110ML tunnel and if found suitable, turning part of the tunnel and its associated structures into an exhibition cum experiential space with AR and VR facilities for visitors to appreciate underground mining, the hard work of miners and mining technologies in the 1960s and 1970s as well as the history of the 110ML tunnel and the revitalisation process.

修復後的海拔110 米礦洞外牆構想圖 Artist's impression of the revitalised 110ML Entrance
修復後的海拔110 米礦洞外牆構想圖 Artist's impression of the revitalised 110ML Entrance

Yeung, Tsz Chun 2020

修復後的海拔110 米礦洞外牆構想圖 Artist's impression of the revitalised 110ML Entrance
修復後的海拔110 米礦洞外牆構想圖 Artist's impression of the revitalised 110ML Entrance

Yeung, Tsz Chun 2020

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Branch office of MMTC, Technical staff dormitory, Clinic & Canteen-cum-granary

Status

Suggestion

Grade 3 historic buildings

Since some of the structures seem to be occupied, it is necessary to sort out the current occupancy.

Adaptive reuse would be desirable, such as information or exhibition centre or artists in residents to help re-present or re-interpret the landscape.

These facilities can be run by local conservation groups.

Signs and descriptive boards can be displayed to outline the history of the site.

被圍欄圍住的前辦公室 The fenced-off ex-office
被圍欄圍住的前辦公室 The fenced-off ex-office

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

被圍欄圍住的前辦公室 The fenced-off ex-office
被圍欄圍住的前辦公室 The fenced-off ex-office

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

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Former house cum grocery store

Status

Suggestion

Not graded

The current use by the continuing residents should be retained as far as possible.

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

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Lutheran Yan Kwong Church compound

Status

Suggestion

Grade 3 historic buildings

ELCHK is running a camp site and a mine café. Revitalisation of the buildings in the compound is underway. The compound can be served as an anchor of various conservation efforts in the MOS Iron Mine landscape and the government should offer more assistance to this bottom-up initiative.

已修復的恩光堂 The revitalised Yan Kwong Church
已修復的恩光堂 The revitalised Yan Kwong Church

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

修復中的信義小學
修復中的信義小學

來源:古物諮詢委員會 2016 Source: AAB 2016

鞍山探索館 Grace Youth Camp Museum
鞍山探索館 Grace Youth Camp Museum

來源:基督教香港信義會社會服務部2020 Source: ELCHK 2020

已修復的恩光堂 The revitalised Yan Kwong Church
已修復的恩光堂 The revitalised Yan Kwong Church

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

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MOS Village Old People’s Association

Status

Suggestion

Not graded

The current use should be retained as far as possible.

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

建築圖則 Architecture drawing
建築圖則 Architecture drawing

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

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Exterior walls of 240 ML

Status

Suggestion

Grade 2 historic buildings

Turning part of the 240ML Tunnel into an exhibition cum experiential space with virtual reality facilities.

修復後的海拔240米礦洞外牆構想圖  Artist's impression of the revitalised 240ML Entrance
修復後的海拔240米礦洞外牆構想圖 Artist's impression of the revitalised 240ML Entrance

Yeung, Park Hin 2020

修復後的海拔240米礦洞外牆構想圖  Artist's impression of the revitalised 240ML Entrance
修復後的海拔240米礦洞外牆構想圖 Artist's impression of the revitalised 240ML Entrance

Yeung, Park Hin 2020

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Mineral preparation plant

Status

Suggestion

Grade 3 historic buildings

Building a viewing platform on the site with AR for visitors to appreciate the geography and values of the former Pier District to the MOS Iron Mine in the past, in relation to the existing MOS New Town. The platform could mark the location of the former processing plant and its design can be reminiscent of the old ore dressing plant which had been the largest above ground structure of the mine to become a new landmark of the project visible from the nearby highway and MOS.

選礦廠觀景台構想圖 Artist's impression of the viewing platform
選礦廠觀景台構想圖 Artist's impression of the viewing platform

Yeung, Park Hin & Yeung, Tsz Chun 2020

選礦廠觀景台構想圖 Artist's impression of the viewing platform
選礦廠觀景台構想圖 Artist's impression of the viewing platform

Yeung, Park Hin & Yeung, Tsz Chun 2020

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The stone tablet at Ping On Bridge

Status

Suggestion

Grade 3 historic buildings

A small plate on the history of the tablet could be inscribed near the Bridge. Maintenance work maybe required from time to time to maintain its integrity.

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

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St. Joseph’s Chapel compound

Status

Suggestion

Grade 2 historic buildings

The chapel compound is worth to be restored for adaptive reuse, such as serving as a retreat facility for visitors to reflect upon their connections to the place and its rich multidimensional and multi-scalar histories.

失修的教堂內部  Inner part of the abandoned chapel
失修的教堂內部 Inner part of the abandoned chapel

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

聖若瑟小堂建築群  St Joseph's Chapel compound
聖若瑟小堂建築群 St Joseph's Chapel compound

研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

失修的教堂內部  Inner part of the abandoned chapel
失修的教堂內部 Inner part of the abandoned chapel

來源:研究團隊 2019 Source: Research Team 2019

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Shun Yee San Tsuen

Status

Suggestion

Grade 3 historic buildings

Shun Yee San Tsuen, originally built by the Lutheran Church, is a co-op registered in AFCD with continuing residents. The site allows us to reflect on how government can work with NGOs to improve people’s quality of life. The conservation plan can be refined in partnership with the community.

屋舍 House
屋舍 House

來源:古物諮詢委員會 2016 Source: AAB 2016

屋舍 House
屋舍 House

來源:古物諮詢委員會 2016 Source: AAB 2016

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Line

Heritage trails of various lengths and different themes

There can be trails of various lengths, focusing on various aspects such as industrial heritage, ecological and environmental aspects, as well as social and religious aspects. The trail can also include the Mid-level District and Ma On Bridge District, which may require further research. AR and VR techniques can be employed to reveal historical photos and histories of various points. Local residents should be consulted and have opportunities to be involved in finalising the trails. Local residents, if possible, can serve as guides or human library for visitors.

trail_edited.jpg

Plane

A continuum of “conservation cum development” approach can be adopted. The Peak District in relatively high ground and has the highest number of heritages is suggested to be conserved in totality whereas the conservation of Cluster 2 at the foothill of the Hunch Back at around 100ML near the MOS New Town may be integrated with possible future development. Cluster 3 in between may need further research and documentation. Future development should provide options for existing residents, especially active farmers, to continue with their life and livelihood.

Cluster 1: The Peak District

  • Rich heritage of open-pit and underground mining and related infrastructures.

  • The District has two religious compounds where generations of miners and MOS residents have received nourishment of their body and soul. These can be revitalised for all sorts of purposes.

  • Existence of squatter huts is reminiscent of the old days when the Mine was in operation. Some abandoned squatter huts might be renovated to be used for artists in residence or other social innovation endeavours by young people.

  • Conservation plan of the Peak District should be developed and finalised in partnership with the community.

IMG_20181218_113324_edited.jpg

Cluster 2: Ore Dressing (Mineral Preparation) Plant, 110ML Tunnel and Shun Yee San Tsuen

  • Ore dressing (mineral preparation) plant and 110ML tunnel are important heritage that encapsulate transnational investment and mechanisation of the MOS Iron Mine

  • Shun Yee San Tsuen encapsulate the work of the church and the government in enhancing people’s living conditionDetails about the renovation and revitalisation of these three points are listed above (points 4, 5 and 17).

  • It is suggested that any future development in the area need to take these three graded heritages into consideration and these graded heritages should be fully integrated in the planning and design processes.

processing%2520plant%2520%2526%2520tunne

Cluster 3: The Wan Village, Ma On Bridge and Mid-level Districts

  • The Wan Village might be redeveloped in the future as land has been sold to a private developer. If demolition and redevelopment were inevitable, thorough documentation should be carried out as a last conservation measures. Future developments should respect the integrity and authenticity of the Peak District.

  • If new housing development took place near the Mid-level District, the incumbent residents should be given an option to stay and continue with their life and livelihood in the area.

Do you agree with our proposal? Let us know your views!

 

Implementing P-L-P conservation in Hong Kong: some suggestions

To implement P-L-P conservation in Hong Kong, we have to:

1.

Revise the definition of heritage in Hong Kong to embrace the diversity and integrity of heritage in general and industrial heritage in particular

2.

Legal protection needs to be extended to graded buildings and their spatial context

3.

Both experts and citizens can work together to document the historical, technological and socio-economic dimensions of industrial heritage sites

4.

Empowering and strengthening AMO into a truly interdisciplinary team to document, understand and assess the values and significance of Hong Kong’s diverse heritage

5.

Updating the Landscape Character Map regularly

6.

CHO can be further empowered to coordinate conservation efforts within the government, with the AAB and NGOs

7.

Use planning tools to identify ‘conservation areas’ to protect the integrity and authenticity of heritage sites

8.

Identifying a sustainable sources of finance such as using a certain percentage of land-related revenue as land values are co-created by Hong Kongers