Vision: A Living Museum

The overall vision of the plan is to conserve the MOS Iron Mine landscape as a living museum to reconnect the past, the present and the future; to serve as a link between the natural and cultural relics and the MOS New Town; and as a point for visitors to learn and reflect on their relationships with the multi-dimensional developments of MOS in space and time.

Point

Analyses of the site’s carrying capacity, potential flow of tourists or visitors are required to conserve and maintain points of interest.

Open-pit mining area

Status

Suggestion

Not graded

Use AR or web resources to allow visitors appreciate the operation of open-pit mining at MOS in the past. It can also be a place for nature-inspired art work.

Exterior walls of 110 ML and associated structures

Status

Suggestion

Grade 2 historic buildings

Strengthening the exterior walls of the 110ML tunnel and if found suitable, turning part of the tunnel and its associated structures into an exhibition cum experiential space with AR and VR facilities for visitors to appreciate underground mining, the hard work of miners and mining technologies in the 1960s and 1970s as well as the history of the 110ML tunnel and the revitalisation process.

Branch office of MMTC, Technical staff dormitory, Clinic & Canteen-cum-granary

Status

Suggestion

Grade 3 historic buildings

Since some of the structures seem to be occupied, it is necessary to sort out the current occupancy.

Adaptive reuse would be desirable, such as information or exhibition centre or artists in residents to help re-present or re-interpret the landscape.

These facilities can be run by local conservation groups.

Signs and descriptive boards can be displayed to outline the history of the site.

Former house cum grocery store

Status

Suggestion

Not graded

The current use by the continuing residents should be retained as far as possible.

Lutheran Yan Kwong Church compound

Status

Suggestion

Grade 3 historic buildings

ELCHK is running a camp site and a mine café. Revitalisation of the buildings in the compound is underway. The compound can be served as an anchor of various conservation efforts in the MOS Iron Mine landscape and the government should offer more assistance to this bottom-up initiative.

MOS Village Old People’s Association

Status

Suggestion

Not graded

The current use should be retained as far as possible.

Exterior walls of 240 ML

Status

Suggestion

Grade 2 historic buildings

Turning part of the 240ML Tunnel into an exhibition cum experiential space with virtual reality facilities.

Mineral preparation plant

Status

Suggestion

Grade 3 historic buildings

Building a viewing platform on the site with AR for visitors to appreciate the geography and values of the former Pier District to the MOS Iron Mine in the past, in relation to the existing MOS New Town. The platform could mark the location of the former processing plant and its design can be reminiscent of the old ore dressing plant which had been the largest above ground structure of the mine to become a new landmark of the project visible from the nearby highway and MOS.

The stone tablet at Ping On Bridge

Status

Suggestion

Grade 3 historic buildings

A small plate on the history of the tablet could be inscribed near the Bridge. Maintenance work maybe required from time to time to maintain its integrity.

St. Joseph’s Chapel compound

Status

Suggestion

Grade 2 historic buildings

The chapel compound is worth to be restored for adaptive reuse, such as serving as a retreat facility for visitors to reflect upon their connections to the place and its rich multidimensional and multi-scalar histories.

Shun Yee San Tsuen

Status

Suggestion

Grade 3 historic buildings

Shun Yee San Tsuen, originally built by the Lutheran Church, is a co-op registered in AFCD with continuing residents. The site allows us to reflect on how government can work with NGOs to improve people’s quality of life. The conservation plan can be refined in partnership with the community.

Line

Heritage trails of various lengths and different themes

There can be trails of various lengths, focusing on various aspects such as industrial heritage, ecological and environmental aspects, as well as social and religious aspects. The trail can also include the Mid-level District and Ma On Bridge District, which may require further research. AR and VR techniques can be employed to reveal historical photos and histories of various points. Local residents should be consulted and have opportunities to be involved in finalising the trails. Local residents, if possible, can serve as guides or human library for visitors.

trail_edited.jpg

Plane

A continuum of “conservation cum development” approach can be adopted. The Peak District in relatively high ground and has the highest number of heritages is suggested to be conserved in totality whereas the conservation of Cluster 2 at the foothill of the Hunch Back at around 100ML near the MOS New Town may be integrated with possible future development. Cluster 3 in between may need further research and documentation. Future development should provide options for existing residents, especially active farmers, to continue with their life and livelihood.

Cluster 1: The Peak District

  • Rich heritage of open-pit and underground mining and related infrastructures.

  • The District has two religious compounds where generations of miners and MOS residents have received nourishment of their body and soul. These can be revitalised for all sorts of purposes.

  • Existence of squatter huts is reminiscent of the old days when the Mine was in operation. Some abandoned squatter huts might be renovated to be used for artists in residence or other social innovation endeavours by young people.

  • Conservation plan of the Peak District should be developed and finalised in partnership with the community.

IMG_20181218_113324_edited.jpg

Cluster 2: Ore Dressing (Mineral Preparation) Plant, 110ML Tunnel and Shun Yee San Tsuen

  • Ore dressing (mineral preparation) plant and 110ML tunnel are important heritage that encapsulate transnational investment and mechanisation of the MOS Iron Mine

  • Shun Yee San Tsuen encapsulate the work of the church and the government in enhancing people’s living conditionDetails about the renovation and revitalisation of these three points are listed above (points 4, 5 and 17).

  • It is suggested that any future development in the area need to take these three graded heritages into consideration and these graded heritages should be fully integrated in the planning and design processes.

processing%2520plant%2520%2526%2520tunne

Cluster 3: The Wan Village, Ma On Bridge and Mid-level Districts

  • The Wan Village might be redeveloped in the future as land has been sold to a private developer. If demolition and redevelopment were inevitable, thorough documentation should be carried out as a last conservation measures. Future developments should respect the integrity and authenticity of the Peak District.

  • If new housing development took place near the Mid-level District, the incumbent residents should be given an option to stay and continue with their life and livelihood in the area.

Do you agree with our proposal? Let us know your views!

 

Implementing P-L-P conservation in Hong Kong: some suggestions

To implement P-L-P conservation in Hong Kong, we have to:

1.

Revise the definition of heritage in Hong Kong to embrace the diversity and integrity of heritage in general and industrial heritage in particular

2.

Legal protection needs to be extended to graded buildings and their spatial context

3.

Both experts and citizens can work together to document the historical, technological and socio-economic dimensions of industrial heritage sites

4.

Empowering and strengthening AMO into a truly interdisciplinary team to document, understand and assess the values and significance of Hong Kong’s diverse heritage

5.

Updating the Landscape Character Map regularly

6.

CHO can be further empowered to coordinate conservation efforts within the government, with the AAB and NGOs

7.

Use planning tools to identify ‘conservation areas’ to protect the integrity and authenticity of heritage sites

8.

Identifying a sustainable sources of finance such as using a certain percentage of land-related revenue as land values are co-created by Hong Kongers

此項目由保育歷史建築基金資助

This project is funded by the Built Heritage Conservation Fund

©2020 by Institute of Future Cities, The Chinese University of Hong Kong

屋舍 House

來源:古物諮詢委員會 2016 Source: AAB 2016